This style of building goes back hundreds of years. In this type of construction the logs are cut into pieces that are square, which are used to frame the home. These square pieces are put together using pegged joints instead of screws, bracketing materials, or nails. In the first days of timber frame construction the scribe frame method was what was used. Using this method every timber would only fit in one spot. To know which spot they went in the craftsmen would number each one.
In today’s timber frame construction the scribe method has been replace by the square rule method, which all the major joints are interchangeable because they are the same size. The square rule method was introduced in the eighteenth century, making building the timber frame homes quicker. In timber frame homes the areas between the timbers were packed with some stones, or brick. Plaster was then put over the stones or bricks on both the outside and inside of the house to create a completed look. It also increases the insulation of the house.
In timber framing today structured insulation panels (SIP’s) are typically used to cover the timber completely on the homes outside but on the inside the timber is still visible and exposed. These panels help to speed up the building process and increase energy efficiency. One way to cut the costs on constructing a timber home is to reclaim wood from an old barn or home. Using this old wood can also add a stunning patina to your home. Many times this type of timber is free if you are available to tow it all away.
Using new timbers the construction process can move quicker because of the technology that is used to cut the timber into the same size pieces. This technology is called computer numerical control (CNC). After the wood is cut into the same pieces it is then pre-fitted so that when it arrives at the job site building the timber frame home can start immediately. Within a couple of weeks of beginning the timber frame construction it is usually ready for the cooling and heating systems, doors, and windows.
As with everything there are some disadvantages. Like all wooden homes it is vulnerable to pest infestations like mice and termites. Timber frame homes can also have fungus develop on it or even rot. It is also a great source of producing sound waves like noise so when someone walks or moves around in one section of the house you will often heard throughout the home. Even with the disadvantages t is unique to have a home that is different from all the other homes in the area.